Cirrhosis is a medical condition in which the healthy liver cells are replaced with a scar tissue. Liver cirrhosis as a disease does not have a definite cure. Prevention and management of symptoms are two paths to treat this disease.


As per WHO, the number of deaths due to chronic liver disease has been on the rise globally over the last two decades. Let us understand the leading causes of cirrhosis.


Excessive consumption of alcohol: One of the essential functions of the liver is to breakdown proteins and toxins in the body. Heavy intake of alcohol leads to damaging of the liver cells resulting in scarring of the liver. Damage to the liver does not reflect immediately in case of alcohol. The signs of liver damage begin to reflect slowly after many years of serious consumption. Many people do not consider social drinking as alcoholism however; a large amount of drinks even with infrequent consistency can cause liver cirrhosis. Fatty liver disease, alcoholic hepatitis is a different stage of liver disease which can eventually lead to cirrhosis.


Contracting Hepatitis B, C and D: A leading cause of liver cirrhosis is the Hepatitis infection. Hepatitis C leads to more number of people developing cirrhosis than Hepatitis B and D. Hepatitis C virus gets transmitted by blood to blood contact or by sharing a needle with an infected person. The virus causes swelling inside the kidney which can disrupt the functioning and eventually lead to cirrhosis. The best practice would be to use disposable needles during blood tests and while administering medication. In a social surrounding insist on new disposable and clean needles while getting a tattoo or a piercing. Indulge in safe sex by taking precautionary measures such as the use of latex condom to avoid getting infected by the Hepatitis virus.


Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: As the name mentions cirrhosis in this case is not due to alcohol consumption. However, there is a formation of fatty tissue on the surface of the liver which damages the liver and causes cirrhosis. The reason for scarring of the tissue can be linked to obesity, poor eating habits, diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.


Autoimmune disease: Currently there are 80 types of diseases which fall under the autoimmune disease category. The body’s immunity system fights viruses to keep us healthy, but when it begins to perceive the healthy cells within the body as foreign and attacks them then it is called as an autoimmune disease. Diseases like autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis are examples of an auto immune disease which can damage the liver and cause cirrhosis.


Bile duct blockage: When the movement of bile is restricted from flowing into the small intestine and accumulates within in the liver, it causes the liver to swell up. This swelling can lead to cirrhosis. Cancer in the bile duct or pancreatic cancer and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are few bile duct diseases that are thereason for cirrhosis.


Genetic Disorders: Due to certain hereditary reasons, a person can develop cirrhosis. If there is history within the family of any of these diseases such as hemochromatosis, cystic fibrosis and Wilson’s disease it may get passed on genetically to the next generation.

The best way to combat cirrhosis is through prevention. Develop healthy eating habits, avoid alcohol consumption, and manage your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Livost syrup, Organic India liver kidney care capsule, and Liv First tablets are few Ayurvedic supplements that can aid liver functioning. So stay healthy, stay safe and make lifestyle changes to maintain a healthy liver. 

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