Role of physiotherapy in heart attacks

The term "cardiovascular disease" refers to multiple diseases of the circulatory system including the heart and blood vessels which affects lungs, brain, kidneys or other parts of the body.

After a heart attack, it is important to begin a regular activity program to reduce the chance of having additional heart problems. Most patients are given a prescription for Cardiac Rehabilitation. Patients who join cardiac rehabilitation programs have a faster recovery and better outcomes after a heart attack. Cardiac rehabilitation   is a professionally supervised program to help people recover from heart attack, heart surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures such as stenting and angioplasty. Cardiac rehab programs usually provide education and counseling services to help heart patients increase physical fitness, reduce cardiac symptoms, improve health and reduce the risk of future heart problems. It helps heart patients get back on their feet, physically and emotionally, through exercise, education and support.

Physiotherapists are key members and they work as multi-professional team and support patients to learn how to be physically active .A Physiotherapist helps to prevent the onset of heart disease and reduce the negative consequences of heart disease by implementing a treatment program that addresses all the contributing factors of this disease. The Physiotherapist will teach relaxation techniques, breathing exercises and exercises to gradually strengthen leg and trunk muscles. Physiotherapist may give advice on smoking cessation, an exercise program for weight management and improving cholesterol levels. Physiotherapists also run cardiac rehabilitation programs for patients who have had a heart attack or severe heart disease. Research has shown that exercise training and physiotherapy programs delivered to patients results in statistically improvements in maximum heart rate and maximum cardiac output .Cardiac rehabilitation programs have been found to be cost effective treatment options as compared to traditional care.

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