Does tuberculosis spread through exchange of body fluids?Tweet
Aug 31, 2016 , 6 min read
Synopsis: Tuberculosis is a highly invasive disease and starts with infection in the lungs and then works its way through lymph nodes, bones and gut. Tuberculosis does not spread through kissing or intercourse (exchange of body fluids) but only by airborne particles.
Symptoms of tuberculosis:
Initial symptoms include cough becoming worse by the day, chest pain, weight loss, chills, fever, coughing up blood etc. depending on the stage of the disease.
Transmission of tuberculosis:
In Ayurvedic terms, it is caused due to an imbalance of the three doshas. There are two types of tuberculosis- active and latent and it is caused by a bacteria/pathogen called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. People with active tuberculosis spread the diseases through airborne particles, called droplet nuclei via sneezing, coughing, speaking, etc. whereas people with latent TB cannot spread this infection. Thus the bacteria causing TB is spread by air and not by direct contact.
Sometimes, you may also get TB due to unpasteurized milk. Thus, it can just be spread if inhaled or taken in rather than by direct contact. If not treated properly, it can flow through the blood to affect kidneys, spine and brain, proving to be fatal.
Active TB is seen in people who suffer from HIV/AIDS and in people who smoke. This is causing a lot of dismay as about one third of the people are affected and this increase by 1% every year. Genetic susceptibility is also a factor and also malnutrition & overcrowding which is why even people in prisons, or group homes are more vulnerable to this disease. It takes about 3-4 weeks for a newly infected person to become infectious enough to transmit TB.
Prevention and Treatment:
Ofcourse, prevention of TB is primarily through vaccination but you can also take small measures wherein you cover your nose & mouth around infectious patients. In Ayurveda, TB is cured in two stages:
->Creating ojas/ sets the digestive system right
->attacks the TB
Chyavanaprash and Drakshasava are very effective in improving the functioning of the digestive system as well as help to treat TB. After this, Ayurvedic practitioners recommend Lahsuna with milk, Naradiya Mahalakshmi Vilasa with honey, Tulsi, Vasa & Pippali with honey to help treat TB. These treat the symptoms including cough, fever, sweats, etc.