Functions And Sources Of Trace Minerals In The Human Body

Trace minerals are also known as micro minerals as they are only required in small quantities.

Trace minerals include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium. Other trace nutrients in tiny amounts include nickel, silicon, vanadium, and cobalt.


Function: Necessary for the formation of a protein called hemoglobin, found in red blood cells, which carries oxygen throughout the body; it is also responsible for conversion of blood sugar into energy and for proper functioning of our immune system. This mineral plays a vital role during our childhood and also during pregnancy. 

Source: Grains, eggs, dry fruits, beans, red meat, green leafy vegetables, cumin, asparagus, olives, tomatoes, fish, shrimp etc.

Deficiency: It leads to anemia and blood disorders, fatigue, and poor concentration.



Function : Part of many enzymes; needed for making protein and genetic material; has a function in taste perception, wound healing, normal fetal development, production of sperm, normal growth and sexual maturation.

Source: Meats, fish, poultry, whole grains, vegetables. 

Deficiency: leads to weak immunity system.



Function: Regulates growth, development and metabolism of the body, helps the thyroid gland to make hormones.

Source: Seafood, foods grown in iodine-rich soil, iodized salt, bread, dairy products.

Deficiency: Could lead to Goiter, an enlarged thyroid gland.



Function: Needed for formation of bones and teeth.

Source: Drinking water either fluorinated or naturally containing fluoride, fish, and most teas.

Deficiency: Can cause tooth decay.



Function: Improves the metabolism rate in our body, helps address health problems like diabetes and neurological disorders. Manganese is a mineral which is used to balance zinc and copper.

Source: Brown rice, beans, pineapple, raspberries, strawberries, cinnamon, squash, turmeric, spinach etc. are foods which contain rich and high concentration of manganese.

Deficiency: Results in joint pains, osteoporosis, diabetes, and many other health problems.



Overall, minerals are catalysts but cannot be produced within our body. Only a good balanced diet can provide our body with the spark plugs of life, leading to good health.

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