Trace minerals are also known as micro minerals as they are only required in small quantities.

  • Trace minerals include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium. Other trace nutrients in tiny amounts include nickel, silicon, vanadium, and cobalt.




Function: Necessary for the formation of a protein called hemoglobin, found in red blood cells, which carries oxygen throughout the body; it is also responsible for conversion of blood sugar into energy and for proper functioning of our immune system. This mineral plays a vital role during our childhood and also during pregnancy. 

Source: Grains, eggs, dry fruits, beans, red meat, green leafy vegetables, cumin, asparagus, olives, tomatoes, fish, shrimp etc.

Deficiency: It leads to anemia and blood disorders, fatigue, and poor concentration.




Function : Part of many enzymes; needed for making protein and genetic material; has a function in taste perception, wound healing, normal fetal development, production of sperm, normal growth and sexual maturation.

Source: Meats, fish, poultry, whole grains, vegetables. 

Deficiency: leads to weak immunity system.




Function: Regulates growth, development and metabolism of the body, helps the thyroid gland to make hormones.

Source: Seafood, foods grown in iodine-rich soil, iodized salt, bread, dairy products.

Deficiency: Could lead to Goiter, an enlarged thyroid gland.




Function: Needed for formation of bones and teeth.

Source: Drinking water either fluorinated or naturally containing fluoride, fish, and most teas.

Deficiency: Can cause tooth decay.




Function: Improves the metabolism rate in our body, helps address health problems like diabetes and neurological disorders. Manganese is a mineral which is used to balance zinc and copper.

Source: Brown rice, beans, pineapple, raspberries, strawberries, cinnamon, squash, turmeric, spinach etc. are foods which contain rich and high concentration of manganese.

Deficiency: Results in joint pains, osteoporosis, diabetes, and many other health problems.




Overall, minerals are catalysts but cannot be produced within our body. Only a good balanced diet can provide our body with the spark plugs of life, leading to good health.

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