Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels, and the magnitude of this force depends on the cardiac output and the resistance of the blood vessels. Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg, with a consensus across medical guidelines. It is a serious disease that can over time damage the blood vessels walls and increase a person’s risk of heart attack, stroke and other conditions.

There is no specific cause of hypertension but some of the factors increase the risk of high blood pressure. These factors includes obesity, smoking, drinking too much of alcohol, diabetes and eating too much of salt. Ageing also increases the risk of hypertension as the blood vessels becomes stiffer with age. Some studies have linked stress and depression with the risk of hypertension. People with hypertension lives with this condition without knowing it as it has no symptoms. Having high blood pressure for a short amount of time is a normal physiological response to many situations. Blood pressure does vary throughout the day, lowering during sleep and rising on awakening. It also rises in response to excitement, anxiety and physical activity. Family history of the disease is also one of the risk factor.

The lifestyle measure like salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, reducing weight and managing it, regular physical exercise and stress reduction can help you in maintaining your high blood pressure. In addition stress relief practices or other relaxation techniques can also be helpful in lowering the blood pressure. There are also many types of medication available in the market for maintaining high blood pressures.

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