Caralluma is a plant that grows wild in many parts of India and Africa. It is a member of the succulent, or cactus family. It has been used traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine for hundreds of years. It is also known in India as a “famine food,” meaning the natives eat it when food is scarce due to its appetite suppressing qualities. Not only does it reduce appetite, but it is rich in beneficial nutrients. They also use it as a staple when hunting to enhance their endurance and reduce hunger. The Indians eat it in many different ways. They cook it like a vegetable, eat it raw, use it in chutney, or to pickle foods. Recently people all over the world have discovered the health benefits of caralluma. It has been harvested and ground into powder and sold as a dietary supplement in the form of pills or powders. Not only is it touted for its appetite suppressing qualities and use in weight loss, but it has been shown to help lower blood sugar. Lowering blood sugar levels may play a role in managing diabetes. There are active ingredients in caralluma that are thought to inhibit the enzyme, citrate lyase. This enzyme is responsible for turning food into fat. The inhibition of the enzyme results in the body using its fat reserves instead of storing fat. The active ingredients also work on the part of the brain that controls appetite so the body is tricked into thinking it is full. It can also help quench thirst which is good while dieting and exercising.